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Golden moles, of the Chrysochloridae family, resemble true moles, Talpidae, in physical form, behavior and diet. But golden moles are actually related to other African mammals such as aardvarks, elephants and elephant shrews. Native to Africa, golden moles closely resemble their fossil ancestors from the Miocene era, 5 million to 20 million years ago. Golden moles are completely blind; they locate their prey by sound, smell and touch.
Golden Mole Diet
The majority of golden mole species thrive on earthworms, snails, slugs and insects, including ants, beetles, crickets, grasshoppers and termites. Grant's golden mole (Eremitalpa granti) is also known to eat geckos and legless lizards. While true moles generally hunt for earthworms and insect larvae underground, golden moles forage both below and above ground, locating prey through their sensitive hearing and ability to sense ground vibrations from a distance.
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