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How to Diagnose a Pig's Foot Problem

| Updated August 11, 2017

Things You'll Need

  • Bucket of clean, lukewarm water

  • Clean, soft cloth


  • If your pig has been living on an unnatural surface, it could develop foot problems: a slotted wooden floor can cause injury, a floor that is too smooth could allow the hooves to become overgrown and a floor that is too rough could cause wounds, allowing infection to penetrate.

It is not uncommon for pigs to develop problems with their feet, especially if they have not been properly housed or cared for. If your pig appears lame or in pain, a close examination of each foot is in order. Upon examination, you may be able to detect the problem, but unless it is something simple like a bur lodged in its claw, then further treatment by a veterinarian will probably be required.


Wash your pig's feet thoroughly with clean water and a clean, soft cloth. For easier examination, place it on a dry, clean, level concrete surface. Examine each foot individually.

Examine its soles and hooves for splits or bruises. If there is a split present, it will need to be treated by a veterinarian to prevent it from expanding.


Examine its claws. If your pig's claws are overgrown, you will need to have them trimmed.

Check for swelling, heat, abscesses or evidence of pain around the claws and coronary bands. Check for open wounds on the soles of the feet. If these signs are present, your pig may have a bacterial infection or foot rot and will need to be treated immediately by a veterinarian to prevent the infection from spreading.


Check for unusual growths. Be sure to examine the entire foot, even between the toes. If you find something suspicious, have your pig examined by a veterinarian.

Observe your pig's gait as it walks around. If it appears to be in pain and you have been unable to detect any outward signs of infection or injury, a more in-depth examination is necessary.


Have your pig examined by a veterinarian. She may need to take X-rays or order lab work to determine if your pig has a break, a fracture, a torn tendon or ligament, or a condition like arthritis.