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Items you will need
Old item of your unwashed clothing
Enzyme-based cleaner for accidents
There are several advantages to crate training. Once a dog equates a crate with a sense of security, you can transport the crate anywhere, and the dog will feel secure. Also, crate training can be used to help with house-training issues that older dogs may have. Any dog rescued from the racetrack, a laboratory or a puppy mill may not be house-trained.
Choose a proper crate. The Humane Society of the United States recommends a crate large enough for the dog to not only turn around in but also stretch out when lying down on his side. Select one with a door that can be left open.
Place in the crate a cushion or dog bed, dog toys and an old item of clothing you have just worn. The smell will comfort the dog while you are gone. According to the ASPCA, dogs will not want to soil in their dens.
Leave the crate open while you are in the room with the dog. Praise lavishly whenever the dog goes in to investigate. When the dog is settled, shut the door and praise again. Leave the dog alone in the crate for a few minutes and leave the room. Come back and praise. Repeat this over a few days, varying the length of time you are gone.
Begin to leave the dog alone in the crate while you are out of the house or at night when you sleep. Give a special treat only for that time.
Notice your dog's body language. Usually, before a dog has to urinate or defecate, he will sniff the floor and walk around in circles. Take the dog outside immediately when the dog does this, and praise him when he eventually goes.
Clean up any accidents with an enzyme-based cleaner to completely remove any smell of ammonia. It's that smell the dog goes back to to find a place to go.
- Image from Wikimedia Commons.