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How Long Are Female Horses Pregnant?

By Karen S. Johnson

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If you or someone you know has endured a long human pregnancy, you'll have empathy for your mare -- female horse -- as she enters her 11th month of pregnancy with her four-legged foal. The average pregnancy term for horses is 335 to 342 days, or a solid 11 months.

Variations in Gestation Length

If your pregnant mare gets close to that one-year mark without giving birth, don't panic; 360 days, or just shy of one year, still falls within the normal gestation period for horses. Conversely, as long as she is healthy and the pregnancy has progressed well, your veterinarian won't typically declare a birth that occurs a few weeks prior to her 11-month date as premature.

Deciding to Breed

Don't make breeding decisions lightly. Make sure your mare and the stallion you select have desirable qualities. You'll need to monitor your horse's cycles to gauge when she is "in heat," which is when she's receptive to the stallion or is likely to get pregnant via artificial insemination. If the pregnancy or birth goes wrong, you risk time, money and the lives of the mare and baby.

Factors That Can Affect Gestation Length

As a result of seasonal effects, if you breed your mare in February, March or April so that she is due in January through March of the following year, odds are she will carry her foal about a week longer than if you breed her later in the year.

Photo Credits

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Based in Central Texas, Karen S. Johnson is a marketing professional with more than 30 years' experience and specializes in business and equestrian topics. Her articles have appeared in several trade and business publications such as the Houston Chronicle. Johnson also co-authored a series of communications publications for the U.S. Agency for International Development. She holds a Bachelor of Science in speech from UT-Austin.